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2512 George Mason Drive • P.O. Box 6038 Virginia Beach, Virginia 23456-0038   757.263.1000 • 757.263.1240 TDD

Policies and Regulations

School Board of the City of Virginia Beach
Policy 5-56


Contagious and Infectious Diseases: Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)/Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

  1. Purpose

    To establish policy regarding students who are infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

  2. Philosophy

    The School Board recognizes its dual obligation to protect the rights of individual students infected with HIV and to provide a safe environment for students, staff, and the public. Since it is known that HIV is not transmitted through casual contact, any student who is HIV infected will continue education in a regular classroom assignment unless the health status requires otherwise. It is the intent of the School Board to follow the recommendations of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and the Virginia Department of Health that most HIV-infected children be allowed to attend school in an unrestricted setting and that decisions regarding school attendance be based on the medical condition of each child and the expected type of interaction with others in that setting. Persons involved in the implementation and monitoring of this policy shall maintain confidentiality of records in compliance with state law, School Board policy, and regulations. The School Board shall also maintain a program of information and training for school staff and parents to ensure a consistent and accurate understanding regarding the HIV infection and relevant policy and procedures. This includes training related to the proper application of universal hygiene practices.

  3. Required Personnel Training

    The Superintendent shall ensure that all school personnel having direct contact with students shall receive appropriate training in the etiology, prevention, transmission modes, and effects of blood-borne pathogens, specifically hepatitis B and human immunodeficiency virus or any other infections that are the subject of regulations promulgated by the Safety and Health Codes Board of the Virginia Occupational Safety and Health Program.

  4. Immunization Requirements

    Students are expected to be in compliance with an immunization schedule. However, some required immunizations may be harmful to the health of the student who is HIV infected or has AIDS. Students who are HIV infected or have AIDS may get an exemption with the requirements as provided in the Code of Va., § 22.1-271.2 C. School personnel will cooperate with public health personnel in completing and coordinating immunization data, exemptions and exclusions, including immunization forms.

  5. Confidentiality of Records/Right to Privacy

    Persons involved in the care and education of HIV infected students shall respect the student's privacy, including maintaining confidential records. The number of personnel who are aware of the student's condition should be kept at a minimum needed to assure proper care and to detect situations where the potential for transmission may occur. Individuals informed of the situation will be on a need to know basis with the written consent of the parent or legal guardian.

  6. Parental/Guardian Information Program

    The Superintendent shall implement a program of ongoing information relative to HIV/AIDS for all parents/guardians in the school division so that they are informed in a consistent manner about:

    1. The nature of HIV infection, including how it is and is not transmitted according to current medical research;
    2. The division's policies and procedures related to employees and students with AIDS or HIV infection;
    3. Resources within the school division and community for obtaining additional information or assistance;
    4. Preventive hygiene procedures to avoid the spread of infectious and contagious diseases.
  7. Interagency Cooperation

    It is the School Board's desire that the administration seek dialogue with the local departments of health, local social service agencies and their state counterparts as well as the Centers for Disease Control. Research studies and implementing regulations from these agencies that suggest needed amendments to this policy should be invited to the immediate attention of the board.

  8. Guidelines for School Attendance

    The Superintendent shall promulgate and maintain regulations setting forth detailed guidelines for school attendance for children with Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Such guidelines shall be consistent with the model guidelines for such school attendance developed by the Virginia Board of Education.

Editor's Note

See School Board Policy 4-9 Health Examinations/AIDS Awareness Orientation
School Board Policy 4-10 Employee Infected with or Exposed to HIV/AIDS

Code of Va., § 22.1-271.2. Immunization requirements.

Code of Va., § 22.1-271.3. Guidelines for school attendance for children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus; school personnel training required; notification of school personnel in certain cases.

Virginia State Board of Education, "Model Guidelines for School Attendance for Children with Human Immunodeficiency Virus." (1989)

Adopted by School Board: June 15, 1993 (Effective August 14, 1993)
Amended by School Board: October 20, 1998