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2512 George Mason Drive • P.O. Box 6038 Virginia Beach, Virginia 23456-0038   757.263.1000 • 757.263.1240 TDD

Policies and Regulations

School Board of the City of Virginia Beach
Policy 5-1


Extent of School Authority

  1. Generally

    Virginia law gives the school board the power to make reasonable rules for the governance of the schools and to regulate the conduct of students going to and returning from school.

  2. School Board and Parental/Guardian Responsibility

    The distinction between the responsibility that the School Division has for students and the responsibility that parents/legal guardians have for their children is difficult to define in situations occurring off of school property. These are situations in which students are not on school grounds and are not engaged in any school-sponsored activity, but they are either traveling to or from school or school-sponsored activities or they are maintaining the appearance of being a student of the School Division's schools.

    The following guidelines shall apply:

    1. Students shall be under the jurisdiction of the rules and regulations governing school activities while in transit to and from school as a pedestrian, in route to, from, or at the bus stop and while riding on a school bus.
    2. Rules and regulations governing school-sponsored activities that occur off school property shall apply to all students who are either participants in the activity or are spectators. Such rules shall bear a reasonable relationship to the purpose and functions of the activity.
    3. For situations in which students are off school property and are not associated with a school-sponsored activity, the School Administration will exert its authority over students only insofar as the actions of such students could substantially disrupt the educational process in the schools or deprive other students of their right to an education both in the curricular and extra-curricular program.
    4. For all situations other than those covered in the above, the parents and legal guardians have full responsibility for minor children and adult students will be responsible for themselves. These situations where students are outside the scope of school authority include, but are not limited to, the following:
      1. While a student is in transit to and from school in a private vehicle.
      2. When a student leaves the school premises during lunch.
      3. When a student absents himself/herself from the school property during the regular day without authorization from a school official.

Code of Virginia § 22.1-78, as amended. Bylaws and regulations.

1960-1961 Opinions of the Attorney General 274.

Adopted by School Board: October 21, 1969
Amended by School Board: August 21, 1990
Amended by School Board: July 16, 1991
Amended by School Board: July 13, 1993 (Effective August 14, 1993)
Amended by School Board: May 22, 2018